This song is the first one of a cycle of 31 songs title 31 cantos del alma vernácula. These songs represent a landmark in the history of Latin-American Art Song since they are the first ones to bring an indigenous language to the concert stage. These songs are incredibly beautiful, refreshing and rich.
A descendant of Aymaras, Theodoro Valcárcel was one of the most prolific Peruvian composers of the first half of the twentieth century. He trained with Luis Dunker Lavalle, and in Europe with maestros such as Pedrell, Vicenzo, Schiepatti and Busoni. He gave concertos as the orchestra conductor and pianist in various European countries and in Peru. He composed works of all types: royal symphonies, for soloists with the orchestra, and royal songs for the choir. In 1935 he was the head of the Department of National Folklore in the Alcedo Academy, and in 1939, he was a member of the Institute of Peruvian Art’s Office of Music.
Amongst his songs the most outstanding are the cycle of Treinta cantos del alma vernacular, a collection of high quality nationalist concerto songs within which the composer captured his knowledge of the Indian and mixed-blood motifs. Part of this cycle of songs was published by Editions Maurice Sénart in Paris in 1930 with the title of Cuatro canciones incaicas (Four Inca songs).